Entrepreneurship and business finance

The Basics of Starting and Managing a Business

Starting and managing a successful small business requires a great deal of planning, effort, and dedication. A small business is defined as a business with a small number of employees, usually less than 500, and the business is typically privately owned and operated. There are many types of small businesses, including retail stores, restaurants, and service businesses. There are also various reasons why a person might decide to start a small business, such as the potential to make a profit, the ability to be one’s own boss, the potential to make a positive impact on the local community, and the ability to pursue a passion.


The first step in starting and managing a business is to create a business plan. This plan should include the company’s mission statement, a description of the products or services offered, and a marketing plan that outlines how the business will reach its customers. A financial plan should also be created, which outlines the sources of capital, the costs of running the business, and projected profits.

Identifying resources is an important part of planning, as these resources will be needed to run the business. Resources may include labor, capital, technology, and other materials. Choosing a business location is also important, as it will affect the cost of running the business and the number of customers the business will be able to reach. Developing a business model is also essential, as this will help to ensure that the business is profitable.

Legal Considerations

Before a business can be started, there are a number of legal considerations that must be addressed. The first of these is deciding on the legal structure of the business, which may be a sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation. The business must then be registered with the appropriate government agency, and the business must comply with all applicable tax laws and regulations.


Once the legal considerations have been addressed and the business plan is in place, the next step is to secure funding for the business. This can be done by borrowing money from banks or other financial institutions, seeking investors, or applying for grants.

Hiring Employees

If the business will be hiring employees, there is a certain process that must be followed. This includes developing job descriptions, advertising for positions, conducting interviews, and training employees. In addition, the business must comply with all applicable employee laws, such as those related to minimum wage, overtime, and worker’s compensation. The business must also set up a payroll system and provide any benefits that are required by law.

Managing Day-to-Day Operations

Once the business is up and running, there are a number of tasks that must be completed on a daily basis. This includes time management, inventory management, documentation, and customer relations management. All of these tasks must be completed in an efficient and effective manner in order to ensure the success of the business.

Evaluating Performance

In order to determine how successful the business is, it is important to measure the results. This can be done by setting objectives and analyzing data. This data can then be used to identify areas of improvement and to plan for future growth.

Growth and Expansion

Growth and expansion are necessary for any successful business. This can be done by scaling up operations, developing expansion strategies, and partnering with other businesses.


Starting and managing a successful small business is a complex process that requires careful planning and dedication. A business plan and legal considerations must be in place before the business can be started, and funding and employees must be secured. Day-to-day operations must be managed efficiently, and performance must be evaluated in order to ensure the business is successful. Finally, growth and expansion strategies should be developed in order to ensure the continued success of the business.


– Small Business Administration. (n.d.). Definition of a Small Business. Retrieved from https://www.sba.gov/business-guide/launch-your-business/define-your-business

– Internal Revenue Service. (n.d.). Business Structures. Retrieved from https://www.irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/business-structures

– Investopedia. (2019). Business Model. Retrieved from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/businessmodel.asp

– U.S. Small Business Administration. (n.d.). Borrowing Money. Retrieved from https://www.sba.gov/business-guide/plan-your-business/finance-your-business/borrowing-money

– U.S. Small Business Administration. (n.d.). Hiring Employees. Retrieved from https://www.sba.gov/business-guide/manage-your-business/hire-manage-employees